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#Grammar “As…as”

“AS … AS “

“As…as” es la otra forma de hacer comparaciones.

Hay 4 posibilidades:

1) as + adjetivo + as
Chocolate ice cream is a good as strawberry ice cream. El helado de chocolate es tan bueno como el helado de fresa.
2) as + adverbio + as
He doesn’t speak as slowly as the doorman. El no habla tan lentamente como el portero.
3) as + much + (nombre no contable) + as 
I don’t drink as much as you. No bebo tanto como tu.
I don’t drink as much wine as you. No bebo tanto vino como tu.
4) as + many + (nombre contable) +as
You don’t have as many as me. No tienes tantos como yo.
You don’t have as many CDs as me. No tienes tantos compacts como yo.

Use “as…as” to  compare equivalent aspects of quality (adjective) or of manner (adverb) of two items.

ADJECTIVE

The apple is as heavy as the orange.
The apple is as light as the orange.

ADVERB

This car drives as fast as the other car.
This car drives as slowly as the other car.

To show no difference: as much as , as many as, as few as, as little as

  • as many as / as few as + countable nouns
  • as much as / as little as uncountable nouns

Italian Interrogative Adverbs

avverbi interrogativi

Italian interrogative adverbs (avverbi interrogativi) introduce a question that relates to:

manner: come?
place: dove?
time: quando?
size or value: quanto?
reason: perché?

ITALIAN INTERROGATIVE ADVERBS
Come (KOH-meh)? (How?) Come sta Giancarlo?
Dove (DOH-vay)? (Where?) Dov’è la biblioteca?
Perché (pair-KEH)? (Why?) Perché non dormono?
Quando (KWAN-doh)? (When?) Quando parte Pietro?

The following interrogative words are the most commonly used to introduce a question:

A che ora? (At what time?)
Come? (How?)
Come mai? (How come? Why [on earth]? Why ever?)
Dove? (Where?)
Perché? (Why?)
Quando? (When?)
Quanto? (How much?)

Two common contractions are com’è? (a contraction of come è? meaning “how is?”) anddov’è? (a contraction of dove è? meaning “where is?”). Again, note that in Italian the subject and verb are inverted in interrogative sentences:

A che ora partono i tuoi amici? (At what time are your friends leaving?)
Come sta Luigi? (How is Louis?)
Dove sono i bambini? (Where are the children?)
Dov’è il bambino? (Where is the child?)
Perché fumi tanto? (Why do you smoke so much?)
Quanto fa due più tre? (How much is two plus three?)

The subject and verb are not inverted with come mai:

Come mai Umberto non è qui? (How come Umberto is not here?/Why ever isn’t Umberto here?)

Interrogative Pronouns

Modern English has five interrogative pronouns–what, which, who, whose, and whom–that are used to facilitate the asking of a question and that replace a noun in a sentence. Sentences using interrogative pronouns are intended to elicit more than just a “yes” or “no” answer. These pronouns can refer to places and things and can take on the suffixes -soever or -ever.

In Italian interrogative pronouns, or pronomi interrogativi, are also used to introduce a question or interrogative sentence. Quale andquali (which one or ones), che and che cosa (what–as it applies to a thing), chi (who or whom), and quanto or quanti (how much or how many), are examples of Italian interrogative pronouns.  Below are some samples of sentences containing interrogative pronouns:

Che vuoi? = What do you want?

Che cosa è questo? = What is this?

Chi è tuo marito? = Who is your husband?

Con chi stai parlando al telefono? = With whom are you talking on the phone?

Quale vestito da sposa indosserai? = Which bridal gown will you wear?

Quante persone vengono alla festa? = How many people are coming to the party?

Quanti anni hai? = How old are you?

In Italian a question never finishes with a preposition. Most of the question words are invariable, meaning that they do not   have to agree with the value of the noun, however quale (which) and quante/quanti (how much), must agree. Before singular nouns we usequale and before plural nouns we use quali.  For example:

Quale macchina compri? = Which car are you buying? – The sentence is referring to (1) car

Quali libri leggere? =  Which books to read? – The sentence is referring to books, plural

For quante/quanti the pronoun must match not only the quantity, but whether the noun is masculine or feminine.

Quanto = masculine singular

Quanta = feminine singular

Quanti = masculine plural

Quante = feminine plural

Quanto vino posso bere? = How much wine can I drink?

Quanta pasta mangerà Maria? = How much pasta will Maria eat?

Quanti soldi stai guadagnando? = How many money are you earning?

Quante paste mangerai? = How many pastries will you eat?

Quante bugie! = How many lies!

Interrogative Adverbs

Used in the same way as interrogative pronouns, interrogative adverbs enable the construction of sentences that refer to verbs or actions rather than nouns. Examples of English pronouns include why, where, how and when. Italian interrogative adverbs, oravverbi interrogativi, are come, quandoperchè, and dove.Come?  = How (the manner in which the verb is being acted out)Quando? = When (the verb’s location in time)Perchè? = Why (the purpose, the cause, or reason for the verb)Dove?  = Where (the verb’s location in space)

Come posso dimagrire? = How can I lose weight?

Quando è il tuo compleanno? = When is your birthday?

Perché mangi così tanto? = Why do you eat so much?

Dove è Maria? = Where is Maria?

Exercise

Insert the correct interrogative pronoun

  • 1) Chi è quella ragazza con il vestito blu? = _______ is the girl in the blue dress?
  • 2) Qual’è il nome della squadra rossa? = _______ is the name of the team in red?
  • 3) A chi piace giocare a calcio? = _______ likes to play football?
  • 4) Per chi Maria ha fatto questi biscotti? = For _______ did Maria make these cookies?
  • 5) Quali nomi hai scelto per il tuo gatto? = _______names did you choose for your cat?
  • 6) Chi hai visto ieri sera? = _______did you see last night?
  • 7) A chi dovrebbe essere pagato l’assegno? = To_______should the check be made payable?

Answers:

  1. Who
  2. What
  3. Who
  4. Who
  5. Which
  6. Whom
  7. Whom

Part1:

  1. pamplemousse {grapefruit}
  2. ameliorer {to improve}
  3. parapluie {umbrella}
  4. inoubliable {unforgettable}
  5. beaujolais {type of wine}
  6. bibliothèque {library}
  7. malheureusement {unfortunately}
  8. aubergine {eggplant}
  9. volontiers {with pleasure}
  10. enchanté {delighted to}
  11. merveilleux {marvelous}
  12. époustouflant {mind-boggling}
  13. délirant {wild, hysterical}

  1. cherie {dear}
  2. jolie {pretty}
  3. incroyable {incredible}
  4. soirée {gathering}
  5. amour {love}
  6. étoile {star}
  7. papillon {butterfly}
  8. fille {girl}
  9. coeur {heart}
  10. magnifique {magnificent}
  11. bisous {kiss}
  12. accoutrement {outfit, get up}
  13. bijoux {jewels}
  14. bourgeoisie {middle-class}
  15. coquette {flirty girl}
  16. mélange {a mix of things}

Part 1 :

  1. abbastanza (or basta!) –  enough
  2. Formaggio –cheese
  3. finestrino –small window
  4. correggere – to correct
  5. squisito –exquisite
  6. bacio – kiss
  7. soggiorno – stay
  8. dolcetto –  type of wine
  9. abbracci –hugs, embrace
  10. orecchiette –ear-shaped pasta
  11. domattina – tomorrow morning
  12. pagliacci – clowns
  13. affogato – technically means drowned, but it’s also a fab dessert of gelatodrowned in espresso.
  14. cameriere – waiter
  15. ti amo – i love you
  16. chiacchiericcio – chit-chat, gossip
  17. dolorosamente – painfully
  18. carabinieri – National police of Italy
  19. poggibonsi – a Tuscan town
  20. torta – cake, tart
  21. brava – good (feminine form)

  1. dondolare {swing, rock}
  2. evviva! {hurray}
  3. chiocciola {scroll}
  4. stranieri {strangers, foreigners}
  5. azzurro {blue}
  6. principessa {princess}
  7. magari {maybe}
  8. assolutamente {absolutely}
  9. Riomaggiore {a town in the Cinque Terre}
  10. fagiolini {string beans}
  11. solamente {only}
  12. piccolo {little one}
  13. esatto {exact}
  14. arrivassero {they arrived}
  15. frigorifero {refrigerator}
  16. però {but, however}
  17. meraviglioso {marvelous}
  18. uffa! {sigh of distress}
  19. stuzzicadenti {toothpick}

English Phrasal Verbs: Agreeing and Disagreeing.

Meetings in our office are always the same. Bill will suggest some crazy new scheme and Karen go along whatever it is, even if she doesn’t quite believe in it. The rest of us will divide naturally into two groups: those who side with Bill and those who are against him. Julia usually falls in with Bill’s ideas fairly quickly, knowing that it’s pointless to argue as he usually wins in the end. Both Bill and Karen argue very persuasively and can talk the others round in no time at all. Barbara is always the last to give in , and even then she does so very reluctantly. secretly, I sympathize with her. I have nothing against Bill, I just don’t see why he should get his own way all the time!

Agreeing:

  1. Go along with: to support an idea, or to agree with someone’s opinion.
  2. Side with: to support a person or group in an argument.
  3. Go with: (Slightly informal) to accept a plan or an idea, or to support the person whose ideas you agree with.
  4. Believe in: to think that something is effective and right.
  5. Fall in with: if you fall in with an idea or plan, you agree with it or accept it.
  6. Settle on/upon: to agree on a decision.

Agreeing after disagreeing:

  1. Come around/round: to agree to a plan or idea that you were against, after thinking about it for a long time or being persuaded by other people that it is good.
  2. Give in: to finally agree to what someone wants after a period when you refuse to agree.
  3. Cave in: to agree to something you were against before, after someone has persuaded you or threatened you.

Persuading someone to agree:

  1. Bring around/round  
    Talk around/round: (British & Australian). to persuade someone to agree with you or to do what you want them to do.
  2. Bring over to: to persuade someone to agree with you.
  3. Win around / over / round: to persuade someone to support you or to agree to do something often when they did not agree with you before.

Disagreeing:

  1. Have against: to dislike or disagree with someone or something for a particular reason.
  2. Frown on/upon: to believe that something is wrong and that you should not do it.
  3. Quarrel with: to disagree with an idea, statement, or decision.
  4. Turn against: to decide not to like or agree with someone or something, or to make someone do this.

 

Commonly Mispronounced #English Words

English basic Pronunciation

French subject pronouns: tu, vous

In English, the second person subject pronoun is always “you,” no matter how many people you’re talking to, and regardless of whether you know them. But French has two different words for “you”: tu and vous.

The difference in meaning between these two words is very important* – you must understand when and why to use each of them. Otherwise, you may inadvertently insult someone by using the wrong “you.”

Tu is the familiar “you,” which demonstrates a certain closeness and informality. Use tu when speaking to one

  • friend
  • peer / colleague
  • relative
  • child
  • pet

Vous is the formal “you.” It is used to show respect or maintain a certain distance or formality with someone. Use vous when speaking to

  • someone you don’t know well
  • an older person
  • an authority figure
  • anyone to whom you wish to show respect

Vous is also the plural “you” – you have to use it when talking to more than one person, no matter how close you are.

Summary

  • familiar and singular: tu
  • familiar and plural: vous
  • formal and singular: vous
  • formal and plural: vous

Because the tu / vous distinction doesn’t exist in English, but in spanish is like this: Tu = tu (informal), vous: usted (formal). beginning French students often have trouble with it. Some people follow the guideline of using whatever the other person uses with them. This can be misleading: someone in authority may use tu with you, but that certainly doesn’t mean that you can respond in kind. You can try asking On peut se tutoyer ?, but when in doubt, I tend to use vous. I’d rather show someone too much respect than not enough!

*There are even verbs to indicate which pronoun you’re using:

tutoyer = to use tu
vouvoyer = to use vous

French subject pronoun: je = I

The first person singular French subject pronoun je is used a lot like its English equivalent “I”:

Je travaille tous les jours.
I work every day.

Je veux voir ce film.
I want to see this movie.

Je sais ce qui s’est passé.
I know what happened.

Notes

1. Unlike “I,” je is only capitalized at the beginning of a sentence.

Hier, je suis allé à la plage.
Yesterday, I went to the beach.

Non, je ne veux pas voir ce film.
No, I don’t want to see this movie.

Dois-je commencer maintenant ?
Do I have to start now?

2. Je contracts to j’ when followed by a vowel or mute h.

J’aime danser.
I like to dance.

Tu sais, j’ai le même problème.
You know, I have the same problem.

Oui, j’habite en France.
Yes, I live in France.

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