Subject and Object Pronouns

We use subject pronouns as subjects of sentences and object pronouns as objects.

Subject Pronouns Object Pronouns
Singular 1st person I I kicked the ball me John kicked the ball to me.
2nd person you You like to study. you John wants to talk toyou.
3rd person (male) he He eats green cheese. him Mary doesn’t likehim.
3rd person (female) she She likes ice cream. her John kissed her.
3rd person (non-person) it It bit John. it John smashed it.
Plural 1st person we We enjoy going to the movies. us The politician lied tous.
2nd person you You are the best students. you I wouldn’t lie to you.
3rd person they They are not happy. them Mary didn’t invitethem.

We use pronouns as substitutes for noun phrases. The pronoun and the noun phrase that it refers to mean the same thing.